The University of Maryland Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

E C E   R E S E A R C H   R E V I E W   D A Y   •   F R I D A Y ,   O C T O B E R   9 ,  2 0 0 9
  The A. James Clark School of Engineering

Sponsored by:
Aerospace Corporation
Texas Instruments

University of Maryland | A. James Clark School of Engineering
Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering
Research Review Day


“The Spirit of Innovation: Responding to the Technology Needs of the State, the Nation, and the Global Community”
ECE Research Review Day, University of Maryland
Friday, October 9, 2009
Jeong H. Kim Engineering Building, College Park Campus

9:00 - 9:30 am
Introduction, Prof. Patrick O'Shea, Chair of Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Main Lecture Hall, Rm. 1110, Jeong H. Kim Engineering Building

9:30 - 10:15 am
Keynote Speaker:
Dr. Steve Fetter, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy
"Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: A View from the White House"

10:15 - 10:30 am

10:30 am - 12:00 pm
Featured Faculty Presentations
Main Lecture Hall, Rm. 1110, Jeong H. Kim Engineering Building

Prof. Pamela Abshire: "Nose-on-a-Chip"
Modern engineering has produced excellent detectors for many sensory modalities, but scent is still elusive.   Dogs are still the best and fastest sniffers available, but they are expensive to train and can only be used a few hours per day.  There is a strong need for odorant sensing for many applications such as environmental monitoring, food safety, quality assurance, IED detection, biometric identification, and disease diagnosis.  To address these challenges, we are developing an olfactory sensor based on the same technology that dogs use -- olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs).  The sensor platform combines custom integrated circuits with microfabricated structures, and will directly monitor the electrical responses of living OSNs to odorants.  In this talk I'll describe the technology behind this invention and our progress towards building a Nose-on-a-Chip.

Prof. Rajeev Barua: "Bending Binary Programs to Your Will"
Our SecondWrite software tool can take any binary program as input and produce an improved binary program as output. Such a tool is called a binary rewriter. SecondWrite is unique among binary rewriters in that it can rewrite even "stripped" commercial binaries, whereas existing rewriters can only rewrite specially produced binaries with source-level information. This talk will discuss what binary rewriting is, why it is difficult to achieve, and what unique opportunities a tool like SecondWrite offers. In particular, we will discuss one of the powerful applications that SecondWrite can be utilized for — to improve computer security.

Prof. Thomas Murphy: "New Techniques for Transmitting Microwave Signals Over Optical Fiber"
Anyone who travels has likely heard the warning: “FAA regulations prohibit the use of portable electronic devices during takeoff or landing.” The modern aircraft contains an ever-growing array of electronic sensors used in navigation and communication, and there is a growing concern that electromagnetic radiation from portable devices could interfere with navigation and communication.  One potential solution to this problem is to replace the coaxial cables normally used to transmit electronic signals in the aircraft with optical fibers. Compared to coaxial cables, optical fibers are smaller, lighter, lossless, less expensive, and provide a thousand-fold more bandwidth capacity. Most importantly, optical fibers are immune to electromagnetic interference. The key challenge is to find a ways to modulate and demodulate analog microwave signals onto an optical carrier without distorting or impairing the microwave signal.  In this talk, I will discuss recently developed techniques that overcome the distortion and inefficiency that have historically hindered such systems.

Prof. Min Wu: "Invisible Traces in Pixels and Bits"
Technology advancement and widespread use of digital imaging devices have brought about a number of forensic and provenance questions, including how an image was generated; where an image was from; what has been done on the image since its creation, by whom, when and how. Invisible traces are being explored by the technical community to manage and protect multimedia information and devices in the digital era. This talk will highlight some recent research carried out by our Media and Security Team (MAST) at University of Maryland to empower Sherlock Holmes in the Digital Era.

Prof. Nuno Martins: "Why Robots Should Chat"
In this presentation I will explain why robots must communicate while executing cooperative tasks. The same way basketball players signal their moves while enacting a strategy; robots need to share information as members of a team. Typically, these robots are unmanned autonomous vehicles that can fly, navigate underwater or move on land terrain. The great research challenge here is to design and program these robots to communicate effectively and use the shared information in the best way to accomplish team goals, such as search and rescue, factory automation and so on. I will conclude by giving examples of new and ongoing ECE research projects in this area.

12:00 pm
Lunch - Guests may pick up lunch and enjoy while browsing posters
1st Floor, Innovation Hall of Fame, Jeong H. Kim Engineering Building

12:00 - 2:00 pm
Poster Sessions and Demonstrations
1st and 2nd Floors, Jeong H. Kim Engineering Building & Outdoor Tent, Kim Plaza

2:00 - 3:45 pm
Lin Award for Innovation and Invention Presentation Ceremony &
Faculty Venture Fair featuring Technology with Greatest Commercial Potential
Sponsored by Mtech and OTC
Main Lecture Hall, Rm. 1110, Jeong H. Kim Engineering Building

Faculty Venture Fair Presenters:
Prof. John S. Baras
Prof. Rama Chellappa
Prof. Mario Dagenais
Prof. Christopher C. Davis
Prof. Ramani Duraiswami
Prof. Carol Espy-Wilson

4:00 - 5:00 pm
Reception for Corporate Partners and Special Guests
This reception is for ECE Corporate Affiliates, Clark School Corporate Partners, Board Members, and Special Guests only
Third Floor, Jeong H. Kim Engineering Building

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