John S. Baras


Component Based Modeling for Cross-layer Analysis of 802.11 MAC and OLSR Routing
Protocols in Ad-hoc Networks

J.S. Baras, V. Tabatabaee, and K.S. Jain

Proceedings of the MILCOM 2009 "The Challenge of Convergence" , pp. 1-7, Boston, Massachusetts, October 18-21, 2009.


We present a complete scenario driven component based analytic model of 802.11 MAC and OLSR routing protocols in MANETs. We use this model to provide a systematic approach to study the network performance and cross-layer analysis and design of routing, scheduling, MAC and PHY layer protocols. The routing protocol is divided into multiple components. Componentization is a standard methodology for analysis and synthesis of complex systems. To provide a component based design methodology, we have to develop a component based model of the wireless network that considers cross-layer dependency of performance. The component based model enable us to study the effect of each component on the overall performance of the wireless network, and to design each component separately. For the MAC layer, we use a fixed point loss model of 802.11 protocol that considers effects of hidden nodes and finite retransmission attempts. We have also considered simple models for PHY and scheduling. The main focus of this paper is on integration of these models to obtain a complete model for wireless networks.

In several scenario driven studies, with user-specified topologies and traffic demands, we study the performance metrics - throughput and delay. By analyzing the performances under varying network scenarios, we are able to identify a few sources of performance degradation. We also study the effect of certain design parameters on the network performance. Thus, demonstrating the ability of the model to quickly identify problem components and try alternative design parameters.

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