John S. Baras


Joint Detection and Decoding of High-Order Modulation Schemes for CDMA and OFDM Wireless Communications

Yingjiu Xu

Doctoral Dissertation, Number: CSHCN PhD 2003-1, Year: 2003, Advisor: John S. Baras

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Wireless communications call for high data rate, power and bandwidth efficient transmissions. High-order modulation schemes are suitable candidates for this purpose as the potential to reduce the symbol period is often limited by the multipath-induced intersymbol interference. In order to reduce the power consumption, and at the same time, to estimate time-variant wireless channels, we propose low-complexity, joint detection and decoding schemes for high-order modulation signals in this dissertation. We start with the iterative demodulation and decoding of high-order CPM signals for mobile communications. A low complexity, pilot symbol-assisted coherent modulation scheme is proposed that can significantly improve the bit error rate performance by efficiently exploiting the inherent memory structure of the CPM modulation. A noncoherent scheme based on multiple symbol differential detection is also proposed and the performances of the two schemes are simulated and compared. Second, two iterative demodulation and decoding schemes are proposed for quadrature amplitude modulated signals in flat fading channels. Both of them make use of the iterative channel estimation based on the data signal reconstructed from decoder output. The difference is that one of them has a threshold controller that only allows the data reconstructed with high reliability values to be used for iterative channel estimation, while the other one directly uses all reconstructed data. As the second scheme has much lower complexity with a performance similar to the best of the first one, we further apply it to the space-time coded CDMA Rake receiver in frequency-selective multipath channels. We will compare it to the pilot-aided demodulation scheme that uses a dedicated pilot signal for channel estimation. In the third part of the dissertation, we design anti-jamming multicarrier communication systems. Two types of jamming signals are considered - the partial-band tone jamming and the partial-time pulse jamming. We propose various iterative schemes to detect, estimate, and cancel the jamming signal in both AWGN and fading channels. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed systems can provide reliable communications over a wide range of jamming-to-signal power ratios. Last, we study the problem of maximizing the throughput of a cellular multicarrier communication network with transmit or receive diversity. The total throughput of the network is maximized subject to power constraints on each mobile. We first extend the distributed water-pouring power control algorithm from single transmit and receive antenna to multiple transmit and receive antennas. Both equal power diversity and selective diversity are considered. We also propose a centralized power control algorithm based on the active set strategy and the gradient projection method. The performances of the two algorithms are assessed with simulation and compared with the equal power allocation algorithm.

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