ENEE 600 (793): Solid State Electronics
The objective of the course is to give students a
comprehensive understanding of the physics of electronic materials, which is
necessary for a detailed understanding of semiconductor devices.
The course is self-contained so there are no
prerequisites. However, a background in elementary quantum mechanics would
be helpful for mastering the material.
C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics. New York: John
Wiley and Sons, 1976.
N. Ashcroft and D. Mermin, Solid State Physics. Philadelphia,
PA: Saunders College, 1976.
- Outline of Quantum Mechanics: Introduction;
Black Body Radiation; The Photoelectric Effect; Specific Heat of Solids;
The Bohr Atoms; De Broglie's Hypothesis and the Wavelike Properties of
Matter; Wave Mechanics; The Time Dependence of the Wave Function; The Free
Particle and the Uncertainty Principle; A Particle in an Infinitely Deep
One-Dimensional Potential Well; A Particle in a One-Dimensional Well of
Finite Depth; The One-Dimensional Well of Finite Depth; The One-Dimensional
Harmonic Oscillator; Orthogonality of Eigenfunctions and Superposition of
States; Expectation Values and Quantum Numbers; The Hydrogen Atom; Electron
Spin, the Pauli Exclusion Principle and the Periodic System.
- Space Lattices and Crystal Types: Concept of Solid;
Unit Cells and Bravais Lattices; Some Simple Crystal Structures; Crystal
Planes and Miller Indices; Spacing of Planes in Crystal Lattices; General
Classification of Crystal Types.
- Crystal Analysis: the Reciprocal Lattice; The Bragg Condition
in Terms of the Reciprocal Lattice.
of Continuous Media; Group Velocity of Harmonic Wave Trains; Wave Motion on
a One-Dimensional Atomic Lattice; The One-Dimensional Diatomic Lattice;
The Forbidden Frequency Region; Optical Excitation of Lattice Vibrations in
Ionic Crystals; Binding Energy of Ionic Crystal Lattices;
- Outline of Statistical Mechanics: Introduction;
the Distribution Function and the Density of States; The Maxwell-Boltzmann
Distribution; Maxwell-Boltzmann Statistics of an Ideal Gas; Fermi-Dirac
Statistic; The Bose-Einstein Distribution.
- Lattice Vibration and the Thermal Properties of Crystals: Classical
Calculation of Lattice Specific Heat; The Einstein
Theory of Specific Heat; The Debye Theory of Specific Heat; The Phonon; Thermal
Expansion of Solids; Lattice Thermal Conductivity of Solids.
- The Free-Electron Theory of Metals: Introduction;
The Boltzmann Equation and the Mean Free Path; Electrical Conductivity of a
Free-Electron Gas; Thermal Conductivity and Termoelectric Effects in
Free-Electron Systems; Scattering Processes; The Thermal Capacity of
- Quantum Theory of Electrons in Periodic Lattices: Introduction;
The Bloch Theorem; The Kronig-Penney Model of an Infinite
One-Dimensional Crystal; Crystal Momentum and Effective Mass; Reduced
Zone Representation; Electrons and Holes; The Free-Electron Approximation;
The Tight-Binding Approximation; Dynamics of Electrons in Two- and Three-Dimensional Lattices; Constant Energy Surfaces and Brillouin Zones; Insulators,
Semiconductors, and Metals; The Density of States Function and Phase Changes
in Binary Alloys.
- Uniform Electronic Semiconductors in Equilibrium: Semiconductors;
Intrinsic Semiconductors and Impurity Semiconductors;
Statistics of Holes and Electrons - The Case of the Intrinsic Semiconductor;
Ionization Energy of Impurity Centers; Statistics of Impurity Semiconductor;
Case of Incomplete Ionization of Impurity Levels (Very Low Temperature);
Conductivity; The Hall Effect and Magnetoresistance; Cyclotron Resonance
and Ellipsoidal Energy Surfaces; Density of States, Conductivity and Hall
Effect with Complex Energy Surfaces; Scattering mechanisms and Mobility of
- Excess Carriers in Semiconductors: Transport
Behavior of Excess Carrier; The Continuity Equations; Some Useful Particular
Solutions of the Continuity Equation; Drift Mobility and the Haynes-Shockley
Experiment; Surface Recombination and the Surface Boundary Condition;
Steady-State Photoconductivity; Transient Photoconductivity; Excess Carrier
- J.P. McKelvey, Solid State and Semiconductor Physics.
- C. Wolfe, N. Holonyak Jr., and G. Stillman, Physical
Properties of Semiconductors. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1989.